Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister of India. He won the election with Manmohan Singh, the former prime minister, as the 15th prime minister. The politician won a majority by leading the Bharatiya Janata Party in the 16th general election held in 2014 and was sworn in as the 15th Prime Minister of India on 26 May. Before becoming the Prime Minister, he served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat. Modi is a member of the Hindutva organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and, like the media and intellectuals, claims to be a Hindu nationalist. His administration was criticized in India and abroad for the 2002 Gujarat riots. But he has been praised for his fiscal policy to create an environment conducive to the growth of Gujarat’s economic growth. On the other hand, he has been criticized for his administration’s inability to exert a constructive influence on the human development of his state.
Real name Narendra Damodardas Modi
Known name Narendra Damodardas Modi
Date of birth 17 September 1950
Birthplace Vadnagar, Mehsana (Gujarat)
Hometown Vadnagar, Mehsana (Gujarat)
Age 71 Years (as of 2021)
Boyfriend / Affairs Smt. Jashodaben Modi
Political Party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Food Habit Non- Vegetarian
Education and family : –
School Name Higher Secondary School, Vadnagar, Gujarat
College/University Name University of Delhi, New Dehli, India
Father Name Late Damodardas Mulchand Modi
Mother Name Smt. Heeraben Damodardas Modi
Marital Status Married
Spouse Name Smt. Jashodaben Modi
Brother’s Name Soma,Amrut, Pankaj, Prahlad Modi
Sister’s Name Vasantiben Hasmukhlal Modi
Children’s Name Not Known
Net Worth Rs. 3.5 Core (approx)
Early life and politics: –
Narendra Modi was born in a low-caste family of the Ghanchi Teli community at Baranagar in the Mahesana district of the Bombay Presidency. He was the third of his siblings. At the Baranagar railway station, he used to help his father sell tea and as a teenager, he used to sell tea with his brother near the bus stand. He finished his schooling in this city as a normal standard student. Swami Vivekananda’s life inspired him in his childhood. At the age of eight, his political guru Lakshmanarao also came in contact with an organizational worker named Inamdar in the local branch of the Modi Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Inamdar took him to the team as a child volunteer of the Sangh.
Married Life: –
According to the Ghanchi community, Modi’s parents arranged his marriage as a teenager. At the age of thirteen, he got married to a girl named Yashodaben Chimanlal, and at the age of eighteen, their marriage was consummated. They rarely spend time together because they are separated when Modi decides to follow the life of a traveler. According to Nilanjan Mukherjee, Modi’s biographer, the marriage never ended in divorce. Although Modi has remained silent about his married life in four election campaigns, he acknowledged Yashodaben as his legal wife when he submitted his nomination papers for the 16th general election in 2014.
Chief Minister of Gujarat : –
Keshubhai Patel’s health deteriorated in 2001 and he was accused of abuse of power, corruption and administrative weakness in the 2001 Bhuj earthquake. As a result, the party’s national leadership fielded Narendra Modi as an alternative candidate for the chief minister’s post. Though senior party leader LK Advani was worried about Modi’s inexperience, Modi turned down Patel’s offer to become Gujarat’s deputy chief minister as an aide. As a result, Modi took over as the Chief Minister of Gujarat on October 7, 2001. As the Chief Minister, he went against the anti-government and anti-globalization policies of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and adopted a policy of privatization. Narendra Modi won the Gujarat Assembly elections by a huge margin. He won the Gujarat Assembly four times in a row as Chief Minister because of his commitment to the people of Gujarat.
Gujarat Development Debate: –
The Modi government portrayed Gujarat as an ongoing developing and economically prosperous state through the Vibrant Gujarat slogan. However, critics point to Gujarat’s backwardness in terms of human development, poverty alleviation, education, etc. The state ranks 13th in the country in poverty, 21st in education, 44.8% of children under five years of age are underweight and 23% are malnourished. In contrast, the Gujarat state government claims that the female literacy rate in the state is higher than the national average, the dropout rate has dropped from 20% in 2001 to 2% in 2011, and the maternal mortality rate has dropped to 32% between 2001 and 2011.
According to political scientist Christoph Jefferlot, Gujarat’s development is limited to the urban middle class, while rural and lower-class people are more backward. According to him, the number of families living below the poverty line has increased during Modi’s rule. In July 2013, economist Amartya Sen sharply criticized the Modi administration’s education and health system, although economists Arvind Pangariya and Jagadish Bhagwati opined that Gujarat’s various social indicators of education and health have grown faster than other states in the country.
Prime Minister :-
After the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance won a landslide in the Lok Sabha election, Narendra Modi was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. Modi became the Prime Minister in his second term after the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance won the Lok Sabha elections in 2019. Modi is serving as the fourth longest-serving minister in India.
First-term Chief Minister of Gujarat (2001-2002)
On February 26, 2002, a train carrying many Hindu pilgrims and hundreds of passengers caught fire near Godhra, killing about 70 people. This has been set on fire by extremist Muslims. The riots have increased pressure from inside and outside the state for Modi to resign as chief minister. Even the Telugu Desam Party at the center and two friends of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, expressed the same view. In that election, the opposition alliances boycotted the election, and Modi was elected Chief Minister. At the Bharatiya Janata Party’s national executive meeting in Goa in 2002.
The party did not accept Modi’s resignation. On July 19, 2002, Modi’s cabinet resigned in an emergency meeting and submitted its resignation to the Governor of Gujarat. In the next assembly elections, the Modi-led Bharatiya Janata Party won 127 out of 162 seats. Although Modi campaigned against Muslims in this election campaign, he later denied it.
Second term Chief Minister of Gujarat (2002-2006)
During Modi’s second term as Chief Minister, he moved away from Hindutva and focused on the development of Gujarat. His decision diminished the influence of Hindutva organizations in Gujarat, such as the Indian Kishan Sangh and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad. Modi removed Gordhan Jadafia and Praveen Togaria, the state-level head of the World Hindu Council, from his cabinet. When the Kishan Sangh of India protested against the farmers, Modi ordered them to be evicted from the houses provided by the state government. He ordered the demolition of two hundred illegal temples in Gandhinagar. He made Gujarat an attractive place to invest in the industry.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has been campaigning against terrorism in the 2008 Gujarat Assembly elections. On July 16, 2006, Modi sharply criticized Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for his lack of decision on enacting strict anti-terrorism laws and petitioned the Center to allow state governments to enact strict anti-terrorism laws in the wake of the 2008 Mumbai blasts. During this time he repeatedly demanded the death sentence of Afzal Guru, the main accused in the 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament.
Third term Chief Minister of Gujarat (2007-2012)
Coming to power for the third time, Modi focused on groundwater conservation. In December 2006, 113,736 small dams were constructed. In 2010, the amount of groundwater increased by 60 tehsils. Due to these developments, Gujarat started cultivating the largest amount of Bt cotton in the country. Increases cotton cultivation and makes dry soil suitable for cultivation. During this period, the Modi government was able to provide electricity services to all the villages in Gujarat. Modi gives priority to farmers in power supply.
The Jyoti Gram Yojana project is widely implemented in the state, which separates agricultural power connections from rural power connections. In order to reduce the cost of electricity, the policy of supplying electricity according to the demand of the farmers is prevalent. Although the farmers protested at first, the protests were stifled when they saw the benefits of the new power supply. In one study, cooperative farms and large farmers benefited from the project, but small farmers and agricultural laborers suffered.
Fourth term Chief Minister of Gujarat (2012–2014)
In the 2012 Gujarat Assembly elections, Modi won by a huge margin of 6,363 votes from the Maninagar Assembly constituency. In this election, Bharatiya Janata Party won 115 out of 162 seats and Modi became the Chief Minister for the fourth time. Later in the by-elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party was able to win four more seats. After gaining a single majority in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections in India, Bharatiya Janata Party’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi resigned from the post of Gujarat Chief Minister on May 21 and Anandiben Patel was chosen as the next Chief Minister.
Figure, Height, and Weight: –
Eye Color Black
Height feet 5 feet 7 inches (approx)
Meters 1.70 m (approx)
Centimeter 170 cm (approx)
Weight 68 Kg (approx)
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